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Table 2 List of edible plant species, wild, and cultivated, in Guasaganda, Central Ecuador

From: Food biodiversity includes both locally cultivated and wild food species in Guasaganda, Central Ecuador

Botanical familyaScientific name AuthorbLocal namecEdible usedPlant habitate
AchariaceaeCarpotroche longifolia
(Poepp.) Benth.
HuilaFruit pulpSmall tree
ActinidiaceaeSaurauia tomentosa
(Kunth) Spreng.
CatónFruit pulpTree
AnacardiaceaeMangifera indica L.MangoFruit pulpTree
AnacardiaceaeSpondias purpurea L.Obito
Ciruela
Fruit pulpTree
AnnonaceaeAnnona duckei DielsChirimoya de monteFruit pulpTree
AnnonaceaeAnnona sp.*Guanábana de monteFruit pulpTree
AnnonaceaeAnnona cherimola Mill.ChirimoyaFruit pulpTree
AnnonaceaeAnnona muricata L.GuanabanaFruit pulpTree
Annonaceae*EspinudaFruitPalm
ApiaceaeEryngium foetidum L.Culantro de monte
Cilantro de monte,
Yumbo
LeavesHerb
AraceaeColocasia esculenta (L.) SchottPapa chinaStarchy cormHerb
AraceaeXanthosoma sp.*SangoStarchy cormPalm
ArecaceaePrestoea decurrens
(H. Wendl. ex Burret) H.E. Moore
PalmitoStarchy stemPalm
ArecaceaeGeonoma interrupta
(Ruiz & Pav.) Mart.
Chillibo
Chontilla
FruitPalm
ArecaceaeBactris gasipaes
Kunth
Chontilla
Chontaduro
FruitPalm
BignoniaceaeCydista aequinoctialis
(L.) Miers
Bejuco de agua
Pascuenque
Phloem sapVines
BixaceaeBixa orellana L.AchioteSeed colorant extractShrub
CannaceaeCanna indica L.AtseraStarchy cormHerbaceous
CaricaceaeVasconcellea microcarpa
(Jacq.) A. DC.
Col de monteLeavesShrub
CaricaceaeVasconcellea sp.1*Papaya de monteFruit pulpTree
CaricaceaeVasconcellea sp.2*OroyuyoFruit pulpTree
CaricaceaeCarica papaya L.PapayaFruit pulpTree
ClusiaceaeGarcinia sp.*Mamey/mango de monte
Peladera
Fruit pulpTree
ClusiaceaeTovomita weddelliana
Planch. & Triana
Capulí de monteFruit pulpTree
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoea batatas (L.) Lam.CamoteStarchy rootGuaco
CucurbitaceaeGurania sp.*Zapallo de montevegetableGuaco
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea trifida L. f.Chambo
Papa chambo
Starchy tuberGuaco
EuphorbiaceaeManihot esculenta CrantzYucaStarchy rootShrub
Botanical familyScientific name AuthorLocal nameEdible usePlant habitat
FabaceaeArachis pintoi
Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Mani forrajero
Pasto forraje
SeedHerb
FabaceaeInga sp.1*Guaba de monteAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga sp.2*Guaba de monteAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga sp.3*Guaba de monteAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga vera Willd.GuabaAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga sp.4*Guabo comúnAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga insignis KunthGuaba de bejuco
Guaba
Aril as fruitTree
FabaceaeInga silanchensis T.D. Penn.Guabo negroAril as fruitTree
FabaceaeVicia faba L.HabaLegumeHerb
LauraceaePersea americana Mill.AguacateVegetableTree
MalvaceaeHerrania sp.*Cacao de monteAril as fruitTree
MalvaceaeMatisia giacomettoi RomeroZapote de monteFruit pulpTree
MalvaceaeMatisia sp.*Molinillo
Zapote
Limón
FruitTree
Melastomataceae*ObilloFruit pulpTree
MoraceaeArtocarpus altilis
(Parkinson) Fosberg ex. F.A Zorn Fosberg
Fruta de panSeedTree
MoraceaeBrosimum utile (Kunth) OkenSandi, cacaolcilloFruit pulpTree
MusaceaeMusa acuminata CollaOritoFruit fleshHerbaceous
MusaceaeMusa x paradisiaca L.Plátano verde,
barraganete
Fruit fleshHerbaceous
MusaceaeMusa acuminata CollaGuineo de seda, bananoFruit fleshHerbaceous
MyrtaceaeSyzygium malaccense
(L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry
Pera costenaFruit pulpShrub
MyrtaceaeEugenia stipitata
McVaugh
ArazáFruit pulpTree
MyrtaceaePsidium guajava L.Guayaba, guayaboFruit pulpTree
PassifloraceaePassiflora sp.1*Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora sp.2*Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora foetida L.Badea de monte
Enredadera de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora sp.3*Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora sp.4*Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora sp.5*Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora mixta L. f.TaxoFruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora edulis SimsMaracuyáFruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora foetida L.Granadilla de monte
Maracuyá de monte
Fruit pulpGuaco
PassifloraceaePassiflora edulis f. flavicarpa O. Deg.MaracuyáFruit pulpGuaco
PoaceaeSaccharum officinarum L.Caña de azúcarPhloem sapHerbaceous
PoaceaeZea mays L.MaízSeedsHerbaceous
Polygonaceae*Hueso de mono
Piñuelo
Motilon
Sacha naranjo
Fruit pulpTree
PrimulaceaeClavija sp.*Naranjita, pepa de mono, naranjo de monteFruit pulpTree
RosaceaeRubus sp.*Mora de monteFruit drupeletsShrub
Rubiaceae*Maní de montePod seedHerbaceous
RubiaceaeBorojoa patinoi Cuatrec.BorojóFruit pulpTree
RubiaceaeCoffea canephora
Pierre ex A. Froehner
Café aromáticoSeedTree
RutaceaeCitrus medica L.LimaFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus x limon
(L.) Osbeck
LimónFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus reticulata BlancoMandarinaFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.NaranjaFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus sp.1*ToronjaFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus sp.2*ToronjaFruit pulpTree
RutaceaeCitrus sp.3*Limón MandarinaPulp juiceTree
SalicaceaeCasearia quinduensis
Tul.
Vara blanca
Naranjito
Sacha naranjo
Manglillo
Naranjo de monte
Tarquino
Aril as fruitTree
SapotaceaeChrysophyllum argenteum subsp. panamense (Pittier) T.D. Penn.CaimitoFruit pulpTree
SapotaceaePouteria multiflora (A.DC.) EymaLogmaFruit pulpTree
SapotaceaeChrysophyllum sp.*CaujeFruit pulpTree
SapotaceaeChrysophyllum argenteum Jacq.*CaimitoFruit pulpTree
SolanaceaeSolanum sesiliflorum
Dunal
Naranjilla de monteFruit pulpShrub
SolanaceaeSolanum sp.*Naranjilla de monteFruit pulpShrub
SolanaceaeSolanum lycopersicum L.TomateFruit pulpHerbaceous
SolanaceaeSolanum sp.*NaranjillaFruit pulpShrub
SolanaceaeSolanum quitoense Lam.NaranjillaFruit pulpShrub
SolanaceaeCapsicum lycianthoides
Bitter
Tomate de monte, símbalo, huan huanFruit pulpHerbaceous
SolanaceaeSolanum circinatum BohsTomatillo
Tomate de arbol
Fruit pulpSub shrub
SterculaceaeTheobroma cacao L.CacaoSeed for chocolate
Aril as fruit
Tree
UrticaceaePourouma sp.*Uva de monteFruit pulpTree
  1. aPlants listed in alphabetical order according to the botanical family
  2. bSpecies marked with an asterisk “*” were not fully identified, and when a number is added, it refers to another species which was not fully identified but was different from the rest and therefore inventoried apart
  3. cThe local name is listed in Spanish as it was reported by the local informants
  4. dThe edible use refers to the part of the plant that is consumed and the eating practice
  5. eIt refers on the type of plant growth environment