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Table 1: Nutritional composition of Teff injera and Teff grain (red) per 100 g

From: Injera (An Ethnic, Traditional Staple Food of Ethiopia): A review on Traditional Practice to Scientific Developments

Name of the component Unit Teff Injera Teff grain
Water g 76.02 8.82
Energy kcal 88 367
Protein g 3.48 2.38
Total Fat g 0.83 2.37
a Carbohydrate g 18.31 73.13
Total dietary Fiber g 2.7 8
Starch g NR 36.56
Minerals    
Calcium mg 13 180
Iron mg 1.03 7.63
Magnesium mg 64 184
Phosphorus mg 89 429
Potassium mg 152 427
Sodium mg 229 12
Zinc mg 0.85 3.63
Copper mg 0.14 0.81
Manganese mg NR 9.24
Selenium μg 1.5 4.4
Vitamins    
Thiamin mg 0.174 0.39
Riboflavin mg 0.076 0.27
Niacin mg 1.711 3.363
Pantothenic acid mg NR 0.942
Vitamin B6 mg 0.143 0.482
Total Folate μg 29 NR
Lutein + zeaxanthin μg 49 66
bVitamin E mg 0.08 0.08
Vitamin K μg 1.7 1.9
Fatty acids    
Total saturated Fatty acids g 0.177 0.449
Total monounsaturated Fatty acids g 0.272 0.589
Total polyunsaturated Fatty acids g 0.236 1.071
Amino acids  
Tryptophan g NR 0.139
Threonine g NR 0.51
Isoleucine g NR 0.501
Leucine g NR 1.068
Lysine g NR 0.376
Methionine g NR 0.428
Cystine g NR 0.236
Phenylalanine g NR 0.698
Tyrosine g NR 0.458
Valine g NR 0.686
Arginine g NR 0.517
Histidine g NR 0.301
Alanine g NR 0.747
Aspartic acid g NR 0.82
Glutamic acid g NR 3.349
Glycine g NR 0.477
Proline g NR 0.664
Serine g NR 0.622
  1. Source: USDA Food data base [19, 20]
  2. NR= Not reported
  3. a Calculated by difference method
  4. b Alpha-tocopherol