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Table 1 Lists of wild edible vegetables used for the preparation of traditional recipe

From: Traditional food preparation of wild edible vegetables among the ethnic groups of Mizoram, North East India

SL/No Plant name Family Local name Common name Habit Edible parts Seasonal availability Ethnomedicinal value
1 Brassaiopsis hainla (Buch. -Ham.) Seem Araliaceae Antumbu Chuletro Tree Leaves and shoot Apr-Sep  
2 Eurya acuminata DC Pentaphylacaceae Sihzo Tapering Leaf Eurya Tree Leaves Whole Year
3 Ficus auriculata Lour Moraceae Theibal Elephant year fig tree Tree Leaves Whole Year
4 Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn Poligonaceae Anbawng Buckwheat Herb Leaves Mar–Sep Gynecological problem
5 Amomum dealbatum Roxb Zingiberaceae Aihritil Black cardamom Herb Flower bud Jan–Apr Sleep inducer
6 Senegalia pennata (L.) Fabaceae Khanghmuk Climbing wattle Climber Tender leaves Mar–Jun Food poisoning
7 Marsdenia maculata Hook Apocyanaceae Ankhapui Masculatus Climber Leaves and shoot Whole Year Hypertension
8 Rhynchotechum ellipticum (Wall. ex D. Dietr.) A. DC Gesneriaceae Tiarrhep Taiwan Rhynchotechum Shrub Leaves Apr–Aug Anti-cancer
9 Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman Musaceae Saisu Rock banana Herb Pseudo stem Whole Year Snake bite, Convulsion
10 Solanum anguivi Lam Solanaceae Tawkte Indian night shade Shrub Fruits Apr–Jul Anti-septic, boils
11 Meloccana baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz Poaceae Mautak Berry bamboo Bamboo Shoots Apr–Sep
12 Aganope thyrsifolia (Benth.) Polhill Fabaceae Hulhu Flame Tree Tree Young leaves and shoots Feb–Apr
13 Caryota mitis Lour Arecaceae Meihle Fishtail palm Palm Tender shoots Whole Year
14 Musa balbisiana Colla Musaceae Tumbu Wild banana Bamboo Inflorescence Whole Year Dysentery, snake bites
15 Aralia dasyphylla Miq Araliaceae Hlingthufir Spikenard Tree Tender Leaves and shoots Mar–Aug Nerve problem
16 Centella asiatica L Umbelliferae Lambak Indian pennywort Herb Whole plants Apr–Oct Anti-diabetic, hypertension
17 Dysoxylum excelsum Blume Meliaceae Thingthupui NA Tree Leaves and shoots Apr–Sep Dysentery, Stomach problem
18 Wendlandia budleioides Wall Rubiaceae Batling NA Tree Flower bud Feb–April  
19 Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr Fabaceae Zawngtah Tree bean Tree Fruits and flower head Oct–Apr Indigestion, Anti-diarrheal
20 Trevesia palmata (Roxb.ex Lindl.) Vis Araliaceae Kawhtebel Snowflake plant Tree Flower bud Feb–April Anti-diabetic
21 Amaranthus viridis L Amaranthaceae Lenhling Wild amaranth Herb Tender shoots and leaves Apr–Sep Snake bite, kidney problem
22 Gnetum gnemon L Gnetaceae Pelh Joint-fir spinach Tree leaves Jun–Sep  
23 Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz Bignoniaceae Archangkawm Indian trumpet flower Tree Fruits Aug–Nov Anti-diabetic, stomach problem
24 Amophophallus nepalensis (Wall.) Araceae Telhawng Pa Voodoo lily Herb Corm Aug–Dec