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Table 1 Distribution of the buffalo population, milking buffaloes and buffalo milk production (year 2017) in Sri Lanka

From: Traditional Sri Lankan fermented buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) milk gel (Meekiri): technology, microbiology and quality characteristics

Province District No. of buffaloes No. of milking buffaloes Annual buffalo milk production (L) Milk production per buffalo per year (L)a
Western Colombo 7425 1794 1,370,443 763.9
Gampaha 9977 2436 1,245,435 511.3
Kalutara 18,508 4897 3,845,038 785.2
Central Kandy 6113 1547 255,180 165.0
Matale 7805 1874 498,847 266.2
Nuwara Eliya 1531 201 76,736 381.8
Southern Galle 11,698 2365 1,804,029 762.8
Matara 9830 2647 2,004,029 757.1
Hambantota 51,158 17,849 8,366,093 468.7
Northern Jaffna NA NA NA NA
Kilinochchi 2211 495 287,147 580.1
Mannar 3168 498 62,048 124.6
Vavuniya 4302 1047 423,300 404.3
Mullathivu 6576 1,599 612,333 382.9
Eastern Batticaloa 36,019 11,874 3,006,043 253.2
Ampara 38,511 11,046 8,718,130 789.3
Trincomalee 48,969 13,487 9,454,873 701.0
North-western Kurunegala 25,608 6897 14,509,231 2103.7
Puttalam 10,815 1584 1,160,622 732.7
North-central Anuradhapura 45,175 12,658 7,830,858 618.6
Polonnaruwa 26,480 7849 5,353,690 682.1
Uva Badulla 4545 925 130,673 141.3
Monaragala 51,443 15,614 6,617,871 423.8
Sabaragamuwa Ratnapura 11,747 2425 311,799 128.6
Kegalle 5298 757 144,188 190.5
  1. Sources [21, 22]
  2. NA data not available
  3. aEstimated using annual buffalo milk production and number of milking buffaloes
  4. bProvincial