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Table 3 Traditional food consumption trends and selected participant characteristics

From: Facilitators and barriers to the consumption of traditional foods among adults in Zimbabwe

  Traditional food consumption frequency n (%)
Never Once per month 1–2 times per week  > 2 times per week  > 3 times per week Daily P value1
Total 20 (4.9) 123 (30.1) 96 (23.5) 64 (15.6) 68 (16.6) 38 (9.3)  
Gender        
Male 4 (20) 41 (33.3) 23 (24) 29 (45.3) 17 (25.4) 11 (28.9) 0.05
female 16 (80) 82 (66.7) 73 (76) 35 (54.7) 50 (74.6) 27 (71.1)  
Age category in years       
18–30 10 (52.6) 54 (44.3) 45 (46.9) 32 (51.6) 29 (46) 19 (54.3) 0.89
31–40 7 (36.8) 50 (41) 38 (39.6) 17 (27.4) 24 (38.1) 8 (22.9)  
41–49 1 (5.3) 13 (10.7) 9 (9.4) 9 (14.5) 8 (12.7) 6 (17.1)  
50–69 1 (5.3 5 (4.1) 4 (4.2) 4 (6.5) 2 (3.2) 2 (5.7)  
Education level       
Ordinary level 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.1) 2 (3.1) 1 (1.5) 1(2.6) 0.36
Advanced level 1 (5.0) 3 (2.4) 6 (6.3) 3 (4.7) 3 (4.5) 0 (0.0)  
Tertiary level 19 (95.0) 120 (97.6) 88 (91.7) 88 (91.7) 63 (94.0) 37 (97.4)  
Employment status       
Employed 4 (70) 101 (82.1) 61 (63.5) 41 (65.1) 43 (64.2) 20 (52.6) 0.004*
Not employed 6 (30) 22 (17.9) 35 (36.5) 22 (34.9) 24 (35.8) 18 (47.4)  
Province        
Urban 10 (55.6) 78 (70.9) 52 (58.4) 27 (46.6) 37 (60.7) 23 (65.7) 0.06
Rural 8 (44.4) 32 (29.1) 37 (41.6) 31 (53.4) 24 (39.3) 12 (34.3  
Who do you stay with       
Family 17 (85.0) 105 (85.4) 83 (86.5) 60 (93.8) 61 (89.7) 34 (89.5) 0.91
Friends 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Alone 3 (15.0) 17 (13.8) 12 (12.5) 4 (6.3) 4 (10.5) 4 (10.5)  
Nutritional status       
Underweight 2 (10) 5 (4.1) 3 (3.1) 3 (4.7) 3 (4.4) 0 (0) 0.83
Normal 9 (45) 42 (34.1) 35 (36.5) 26 (40.6) 24 (35.3) 13 (34.2)  
Overweight 5(25) 56 (45.5) 45 (46.9) 27 (42.2) 35 (51.5) 19 (50)  
Obesity 4 (20) 20 (16.3) 13 (13.5) 8 (12.5) 6 (8.8) 6 (15.8)  
Religion        
None 1 (5.0) 1 (0.8) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 0.72
Christian 18 (90.0) 117 (95.9) 92 (96.8) 60 (93.8) 63 (95.5) 37 (97.4)  
Muslim 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
AFR 0 (0.0) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.5) 1 (2.6)  
Apostolic sect 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 1 (1.1) 2 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Other 1 (5.0) 1 (0.8) 1 (1.1) 1 (1.6) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0)  
Marital status        
Single 10 (50.0) 52 (42.3) 45 (47.4) 31 (48.4) 27 (40.3) 25 (65.8) 0.32
Married 10 (50.0) 68 (55.3) 46 (48.4) 31 (48.4) 36 (53.7) 11 (28.9)  
Divorced 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 3 (3.2) 2 (3.1) 2 (3.0) 0 (0.0)  
Widowed 0 (0.0) 2 (1.6) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.0) 2 (5.3)  
  1. ATR African Traditional Religion
  2. 1p value based on Pearson’s Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test for cell counts < 5
  3. *Significant at p < 0.05