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Table 2 Nutritional composition of S. androgynous

From: Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.: a multipurpose plant with multiple uses in traditional ethnic culinary and ethnomedicinal preparations

Constituents Quantity (references) Function (references)
Macronutrients
Proteins 10.83% [65]; 15.8 g/100 g [66]; 5.2% [20]; 3.04% [67]; 8.31 g/100 g [68]; 7.4 g/100 g [6]; 15.0% [64] Obesity control by elevating high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol [69]
Carbohydrates 54.5 g/100 g [66] Carbohydrates in our body maintain the energy potential [70]
Chlorophyll 14.43 ± 0.16 μg/mL [71] Antioxidant agent [72]
Fatty acids 62.92% [65] Act as an energy donor complex, interconnected systems [73]
Crude fibre 1.87% [65]; 36.0 g/100 g [66]; 1.75% [20]; 1.07% [67] Enhances food digestion [70]
Crude fat 0.85% [65]; 0.58% [20].; 4.0 g/100 g [66]; 1.07% [67] Helps in fat-soluble vitamin absorption [70]
Micronutrients
Fe 8.8 mg/100 g [32]; 13.5 mg/100 g [74] Participate in oxygen transport [75]
Zn 15.9 g/100 g [76] Growth, development and defense [77]
Mn 664.9 mg/100 g [33] Plant growth and development [78]
Cu 768.7 mg/100 g [76] Ensure cellular functions [79]
Mg 664.9 mg/100 g [76] Activates enzymes [80]
K 45.7 mg/100 g [76]
45.70 mg/100 g [20]
Cofactor that functions in protein synthesis [80]
P 543 mg/100 g [32] Major constituent in phospholipids, nucleic acids, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), coenzymes [80]
Ca 2.8% [74]; 118.8 mg/100 g [74] Important information and stability of cell walls and in maintenance of membrane structure and permeability [80]
Co 1.62 mg/100 g [76] Integral part of the structure of vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) [81]
Vitamin A 4.11 mg/100 g [61] Cancer prevention [82]
Vitamin C 244 mg/100 g [32]
56.1 mg/100 g [74]
Essential for mental and physical development of the body [33]
Vitamin E 17.8 mg/100 g [62] Inhibition of platelet aggregation [83]
Carotene 5600 μg/100 g [32] Reduce cancers and eye disease risk [84]