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Table 1 List of the recorded entomophagy therapeutic species

From: Ethnotherapeutic practice of entomophagy species by the ethnic community of Tangkhul, Mao and Poumai community of Manipur, NER India

Sl. no. Scientific name Order: family Habitat Season availability Stages, product, mode of consumption and processing
1 Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758 Hymenoptera: Apidae Under the soil or in hollow wood Monsoon and winter Food: larva, pupa: fried
Therapy: honey: coughs, sore throats, and mouth ulcers; raw insect juice: cure mouth ulcers
2 Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793 Hymenoptera: Apidae Rocky cliffs Monsoon Food: larva, pupa: fried
Therapy: honey: coughs, sore throats, and mouth ulcers
3 Darthula hardwickii Gray, 1832 Hemiptera: Aetalionidae Tree trunks (various tree species) Spring Food: adult, nymph: frying after discarding wings
Therapy: jaundice: drink the decoction of the crushed roasted insect
4 Unidentified sp. (Longhorn beetles) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae Trunk and branches of Albizia sp Autumn Food: larva, pupa: fried or the larvae are boiled in a small amount of water by adding ginger, garlic, and salt preferably with chilly, and cooked until the water evaporates
Therapy: larva: cough: make soup by adding salt, ginger, and garlic
5 Notobitus species Hemiptera: Coreidae Various plants   Food: adult: fried
Therapy: adult: cough
6 Tipula species Diptera: Tipulidae Aquatic and terrestrial Summer Food: larva: fried
Therapy: larva: speed up the healing process after surgery and to relieve body aches: soup or the cooked larva is served for quick recovery
7 Rhynchophorus species Coleoptera: Curculionidae Phoenix species Monsoon Food: larva: fried
Therapy: larva: cough: soup of the larva by adding ginger, garlic and salt
8 Vespa soror du Buysson, 1905 Hymenoptera: Vespidae Soil (underground) Autumn Food: larva, pupa: cooking or fried
Therapy: improves eyesight, strengthens the body
9 Unidentified sp. (Pink Oak borer) Lepidoptera Trunk or branches of Quercus species Autumn Food: larva, pupa: cooking or fried
Therapy: body ache and cough: soup of the larvae